A la page http://www.71stsos.com/evolution_434.html il y a écrit:The second mission on D-Day flown by the 434th was code named "Keokuk", and departed Aldermaston at 1830 hours. This mission was composed of 32 C-47s and 32 of the larger Horsa gliders, and carried weapons, ammunition, and supplies for the 101st Airborne. The estimated delivery time in Normandy for this mission was 2100 hours. The 434th received a Distinguished Unit Citation and French Croix de Guerre with Palm for action in the invasion of Normandy. During the Chicago mission, one glider aborted over England, and one C-47 and glider shot down five miles short of Landing Zone-East at Heisville. Seven C-47s and twenty-two gliders were hit by small arms fire. Five glidermen killed on landing, seventeen badly injured, and seven were missing in action. Ninety percent of the gliders were destroyed. During the Keokuk mission, no losses of C-47s, but fourteen glidermen killed in landing crashes and enemy fire. Thirty glidermen were seriously injured and ten more were missing in action.
A la page http://marketgarden.secondworldwar.nl/TCC/434group.html il y a écrit:The 434th Group participated in the follow-up missions.
Late in the afternoon of D-Day the Group sent 32 of its planes, each towing a Horsa glider, back to the 101st division area; the payload consisted of 157 troops, 40 vehicles, 6 guns, and about 19 tons of other
equipment and supplies.
KEOKUK was flown from Aldermaston for the 101st Division by 32 planes of the 434th Group, each towing a Horsa. The big gliders carried 157 signal, medical, and staff personnel, 40 vehicles, 6 guns, and about 19 tons of other equipment and supplies. Release was to be made at 2100 hours over LZ E. At 1830 the first tug and glider took off on what proved to be an incredibly easy mission as far as the aircraft crews were concerned.
With good weather and daylight all the way everyone kept on course and in formation. No enemy aircraft were encountered and virtually no ground fire. Battle damage consisted of a few nicks in one plane. A detachment of glider pilots had been busy clearing the drop zone and cutting down trees, and the pathfinders had marked it with a yellow panel T and green smoke.
The serial, like most of its predecessors, arrived ahead of schedule, and the gliders were released at 2053. The pilots then circled and returned as they had come over the St. Marcouf islands, and GALLUP. They reached Aldermaston at 2228.
The glider pilots had a harder time than the plane crews. The Germans still had considerable forces around Turqueville, two miles north of LZ E, and St. Come, two miles south of the zone, and had not been entirely cleared from the area between.
After holding fire as the planes passed over, the enemy concentrated it on the descending gliders but were not near enough to do much harm.
Operating in daylight, most of the glider pilots were able to land the Horsas with no more than moderate damage, a fact worth noting in view of what was to happen later in ELMIRA Mission.
However, bullets and accidents combined to kill 14 troops and cause 30 other casualties. Ten of the airborne were missing. They had been in two gliders which landed within the German lines near les Droueries.
The distribution of the landings indicates that most of the serial had released its gliders at least a mile short of the proper point. Fourteen gliders were concentrated in a few fields about 2½2 miles northeast of LZ E; five were at points several hundred yards further east; eight were scattered southeast of the zone at distances up to two miles from it; and only five landed on the LZ itself.
KEOKUK was helpful rather than essential to the operations of the 101st Division. However, it is important as the Allies' first tactical glider operation in daylight. It indicated that gliders, when not exposed to fire at close range, could be landed in daytime without excessive losses.
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